Anemia in the elderly should pay attention to diet
Relevant data show that elderly patients with anemia are increasing, and iron deficiency anemia is the most common.
In the case of iron deficiency anemia in the elderly, in addition to dizziness, tinnitus, fatigue, palpitation, shortness of breath, bloating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, scooping of fingernails, dry skin and hair, glossitis, and wrinkles in the corners of the mouthThere are also symptoms unique to the elderly, such as indifferent expressions, no interest in surroundings, changes in personality and living habits, and loss of judgment. Some of them have irritability, insomnia, and long-term anemia can cause depression.
Therefore, when the elderly have personality and neurological changes, they should consider whether iron deficiency anemia has occurred.
There are three preliminary causes of iron deficiency anemia in the elderly: 1.
Insufficient iron intake Due to the reduction in the elderly’s diet and the inattention to eating iron-rich foods, the amount of iron stored in the body has decreased, leading to anemia.
Some elderly people suffer from anemia due to gastric acid deficiency or chronic diarrhea, which can also affect the absorption of iron.
Part of the elderly with chronic blood loss causes anemia due to long-term chronic blood loss caused by perennial hypertension or hookworm disease; some elderly women in menopause can cause chronic hemorrhagic anemia due to uterine fibroids or uterine functional bleeding.
In addition, elderly patients suffering from peptic ulcers, ulcerative colitis, dialysis polyps and cancerous occult chronic bleeding can also cause anemia.
Drug effects Some commonly used drugs also have varying degrees of inhibition of hematopoiesis, such as the antibacterial chloramphenicol, antipyretic and analgesic, anti-diabetic, anti-thyroid and anti-tumor agents.
Elderly people with anemia should first go to the hospital to find out the cause of the anemia, and then treat the cause with medication.
In addition to drug treatment, you can also adjust your diet through diet. Pay attention to the following points in your diet: Eat more high-protein diets containing iron. Iron is the main component of hemoglobin, and protein is an important raw material of hemoglobin.
High-iron high-protein diet can provide sufficient raw materials for making red blood cells and hemoglobin, such as animal liver and kidney, lean meat, animal blood products, soy products, fish, shrimp and poultry, fungus, dairy products (yoghurt, milk, cheese), sesameWait.
Particularly worth mentioning are animal blood products, pig blood, duck blood, etc., which are easy to digest and absorb, and are considered the most ideal food for anemia.
Eat more foods containing vitamin C, vitamin B12, and folic acid-rich foods. Vitamin C transforms ferric iron into ferric iron, which promotes the absorption and utilization of iron.
Therefore, you should eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, especially green vegetables and fruits with higher acidity, such as tomatoes, oranges, hawthorn and other foods rich in vitamin C.
B vitamins (vitamin B12, folic acid) are unpredictable nutrients for red blood cell growth and development. Lean meat, animal livers, kidneys, and metabolism are also contained in green leafy vegetables, etc. also contain folic acid.
Eat moderate amounts of sour food Modern medical research proves that iron can only be absorbed by the human body when it changes from trivalent to divalent. Under acidic environment, trivalent iron is easily transformed into divalent iron that is easily decomposed into water.
If there is a lack of gastric acid in the elderly, the absorption of iron will be disturbed.
Anemia elderly people generally reduce gastric acid intake. In order to improve the iron-rich high-protein foods can be fully absorbed in the digestive tract, you can often eat vinegar and sour fruits, such as tomato, apple, citrus, kiwi, hawthorn, and jujube., Alfalfa, pickles, sauerkraut, etc.
Pay attention to the structure of food and scientific meals. When scheduling time for anemia patients, pay attention to the structure of food. Avoid eating the same food every day.
Food is too monotonous, and over time, it can cause anorexia, but also cause certain vitamin deficiencies and increase anemia.
Therefore, in the staple food and non-staple food, try to use food.
When making places, they also have to change patterns. For example, in addition to rice and noodles, they also need to adjust some beans, millet, and corn.
Non-staple foods such as lean meat, fish, shrimp, animal offal, soy products, various green leafy vegetables, etc. should be changed frequently. This can stimulate the appetite of patients, and can make the vitamins between foods complement each other and increase the value of foodHelps correct anemia.
Promote appetite, pay attention to diet methods Anemia patients often have symptoms such as loss of appetite, indigestion, etc. Therefore, zinc preparations, digestive enzyme yeast tablets can be appropriately added to promote appetite and digestion and absorption.
In addition, when cooking food, in addition to paying attention to color, aroma and taste, the food must be softened and rotten to facilitate digestion.
People with poor digestion, tooth damage or chronic diseases, edible minced meat, liver puree, vegetable puree, minced vegetable, steamed egg custard, should also eat tofu, tofu brain, etc., the brakes fully absorb the providedVarious essential substances.
To reduce the burden of hypertension in patients with anemia, it is not advisable to eat spicy and cold food.
Drink less strong tea, preferably without cooking in an aluminum pan.
At the same time, eat less and eat more, and lie supine for 30 minutes after a meal to promote digestion.
Scientific healing, minimizing the loss of vitamins In order for patients to make more use of vitamins, scientific cooking methods must be used to preserve as much of the nutrients in food as possible.
When making staple foods, do not pan too many times, do not knead when washing rice, and do not put alkali when cooking porridge.
When making non-staple food, you need to buy fresh vegetables. It is best to buy fresh vegetables. Wash the vegetables first, cut them, fry them after cutting, and stir fry quickly.
Therapeutic medicinal therapy and medicated diet supplemented with nourishing yin and blood are more effective at treating elderly anemia, which can improve hematopoietic function, immune function and metabolic function of the body.
Types of medicinal and dietetic ingredients: Ejiao, bovine pulp, sea cucumber, milk, Polygonum multiflorum, Radix Angelicae, Angelica, Asparagus, Asparagus, Polygonatum, Dendrobium, Dendrobium, Lily, Medlar, Flax, Longan, Litchi, Jujube, MulberrySeeds, black beans, grapes, prickly pear, white fungus, fungus, etc.
Here are a few medicated meals. Pork liver spinach soup 150 grams of pork liver, spinach amount.
Wash the pork liver slices with starch, salt, soy sauce, MSG and mix well. Put them in the pan and fry the spinach. Or wash the slices with 50 grams of pork liver and cook in boiling water until they are almost cooked. Add the spinach., Add seasoning to the pot, eat liver and eat soup.
Guishen stewed chicken soup with angelica 15 grams, codonopsis 15 grams, 1 hen, spring onion, ginger, salt, cooking wine each amount.
The hens are depilated, offaled, washed, angelica, codonopsis is put into the chicken belly, put into a casserole, add a variety of seasonings and water, boiled with high heat first, and then simmered until the chicken is cooked, meat soup.
Pork, jujube and egg soup with 50 grams of lean pork and 10 jujube soup, add 1 egg when the soup is finished, eat twice a day.
Ginseng red date gelatin soup 10 grams of ginseng, 10 red dates, 15 grams of gelatin, add an appropriate amount of water, simmer it in water, take it once a day for 5 days.
Fungus red date soup black fungus 30 grams, foam, 20 jujubes.
After the two were washed, the soup was boiled together.
Shouwu porridge made of Shouwu 60 grams, 3-5 jujubes, 100 grams of previous rice.
First fry the thick sauce to remove the residue, add red dates and the previous rice to make porridge. When it is cooked, add the right amount of brown sugar, and then boil for one or two.
Shouwu avoids ironware. When making soup or porridge, use a casserole or enamel pot.